River Cruise vs Ocean Cruise: What’s the Difference?

Going river cruising and ocean cruising are similar in that you’re on a boat, which is on a body of water. Of course. Yet the similarities are far less than compared to their greater differences. It's more common people have been on ocean cruises, or use that as a gateway to start cruising – but people very ask us about our river cruise experiences because they're less common.

Yet we're often asked to compare river cruise vs ocean cruise experiences, as river cruise fleets grow and curiosities are piqued. Here we list see important things to consider when thinking about what’s right for you.

River Cruise vs Ocean Cruise: Port and Ship Size

The most staunch difference is easy to identify as you approach the port or dock at your point of embarkation. River cruise ships are large – perhaps between 300 to 400 feet in length on average – yet they’re small enough to fit on a river, as their name indicates.

A river cruise ship is smaller and only needs a small area to dock and post up. A place like the Amsterdam River in The Netherlands, or the Danube River in Budapest, Hungary, or Mekong River in Hanoi, Vietnam are the kinds of ports you can expect to board from or where you'll end your river cruise.

25 Things to Do Aboard Emerald Waterways River Cruise Ships. Leave home to travel and set out to one of their destinations, including on European Rhine and Danube itineraries, whether from Amsterdam, Budapest or beyond. Traveling on a well designed boat, with reasons to get dressed up and seek adventure provide options to keep you entertained while sailing and exploring beatiful cities. #SometimesHome #RiverCruise #EmeraldWaterways #Cruises

Ocean cruises are much, much larger. They seem completely massive as you approach large cruise terminals. A cruise ship that sails on the ocean is likely to be over 1,000 feet. That's a difference of about 600 to 700 feet from river cruise ships. Or, over three times as large not just in length but in height too. While river cruise ships or usually only about 4 decks tall, it's common for ocean cruise ships to tower beyond 10 to 12 decks.

Due to the ship size, ocean cruise ships need large ports of call to accommodate them. (And the size of ocean cruises ships can be huge.) Some of the most popular terminals in the United States are in Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Tampa or Port Canaveral in Florida on the east coast.

Charleston, South Carolina and even New York City have terminals as well. On the west coast popular US ports include Seattle, Washington or San Diego, California.

Ocean cruise ships aerial view

Main Embarkation and Debarkation with a River vs Ocean Cruise

There's more pomp and circumstance when it comes to boarding an ocean cruise ship. From leaving your luggage with appropriate cabin number tags on them, curbside, before you even get to the terminal. To scanning documents within the terminal. To waiting until your boarding group number is called…there are a lot of procedures and paperwork to get through to get onboard the ship. They are moving thousands of guests, after all (even post-pandemic).

River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in embarkation, debarkation and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome

A river cruise ship seems like a piece of cake when it comes to boarding! We literally just walk onto the ship and check in at the front desk. Of course we have already sent paperwork in at this point with information like our passport numbers and have to give that information to the staff once we board the ship. But it's a lot less cumbersome than on an ocean cruise. And boarding the ship is much more immediate with only about 200 or so guests who have to check in.

Here's two photos of what we saw when we walked onto a cruise ship (the Disney Dream, with Disney Cruise Line) versus a river cruise, aboard the Emerald Waterways ship, Emerald Sky. A vast difference!

River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in entertainment, food, itineraries, common areas, ports and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome
River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in entertainment, food, itineraries, common areas, ports and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome

When you have to leave your river cruise, as you can expect, it's a piece of cake on a river cruise. You simply let them know you're leaving and you walk off with your luggage.

An ocean cruise is much more involved, of course.

You leave your luggage at the door of your cabin for the crew to take off the ship hour before you leave. Disembarking is often by groups, as is embarkation. On a recent ocean cruise to the Bahamas it took us an hour to get through customs at the terminal and back into the United States from 9:00am to 10:00am. There was no Global Entry back into the country at the terminal. Unfortunately it doesn't work like airports or we would have potentially breezed through much quicker.

Then you have to find your luggage in whatever group it was assigned to. Then you can be on your way.

Cost for a River Cruise vs Ocean Cruise

Generally speaking, river cruises cost more than ocean cruises. Ocean cruises are sometimes more value for your money. But, then again, “value” could depend on personal preferences. And the cost is just one factor amongst many we list here for finding a cruise that's right for the kind of vacation you're interested in taking.

Both river cruises and ocean cruises run special and deals on bookings, regularly. It's always best to sign up for their newsletters ahead of your booking if you want information on their latest offers. Or, if you want to familiarize yourself with the types of offers they run and at what times during the year.


The most interesting part of river cruising is the ability a ship has to dock at small towns and cities. It’s likely an itinerary will start in a major city yet stop at smaller, quaint towns in between.

For example, when we sailed aboard the Emerald Sky with Emerald Waterways we began and ended in Amsterdam (the largest city in The Netherlands) yet were able to stop at ports like Veere and Arnhem, much smaller towns.

Amsterdam river cruise in The Netherlands and beautiful Belgium with tulips in bloom and a lot of charming European port cities to visit you wouldn't otherwise think of. We traveled with Emerald Waterways for 8 days of destinations and exploring in Europe day and night, with adventure to explore on the ships and in each city. #SometimesHome #SometimesHomeEurope #AmsterdamRiverCruise #EuropeanRiverCruise #AmsterdamTulips #ZaansSchans #DutchWindmills #Holland

More popularly, Danube River cruises commonly start in Budapest, Hungary, and end in Nuremberg, Germany (depending on the cruise line and exact itinerary you join, like our Romantic Danube Christmas river cruise). Yet they stop at small towns like Melk, Austria or Passau, Germany. They're vastly smaller towns than those where the ship begins and ends its sailing.

Ocean cruises need to be able to dock at massive ports of call, which have the ability to accommodate the thousands of guests on their ships. For example, we’ve been on cruises that dock at Nassau, in the Bahamas, or the US Virgin Islands. When the ship docks, and thousands of people suddenly flood the towns, they have the infrastructure to accommodate them. This includes things like excursion options, shopping, restaurants and the like.

Coincidentally, there are some river cruise and ocean cruise spots that overlaps. Places like Athens, Greece, or Barcelona, Spain, and Rotterdam in The Netherlands, are ports that can accommodate a river or ocean cruise ship. Yet the ports in between the start and finish often differ.

Ocean cruise ship in Rotterdam in The Netherlands.

Another thing to consider is that a lot of large cruise companies (like Disney Cruise Line, Royal Caribbean and Virgin Voyages) have their own private island it stops out, if you're nearby.

Disney Cruise Line's Castaway Cay is a really nice place to spend a day. You don't need any money on the island – meals are included. And if you want a drink you simply charge it to your room. The island is pretty much an all inclusive extension of the ship.

River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in entertainment, food, itineraries, common areas, ports and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome

Royal Caribbean's Island, CocoCay, is like its own theme park! It has wading pools, multiple water slides, restaurants and bars. Their other island, Labadee in Haiti, has the longest zip line over water, called Dragon’s Breath Flight Line. We love themed entertainment so this is right up our alley!

CocoCay, Royal Caribbean's private island.

Cabins and Staterooms on River vs Ocean Cruises

Stateroom designs vary so much from ship to ship no matter if it's a river or ocean cruise. So we'll simply say that it's very common to have more space on a stateroom on an ocean cruise ship.

Additionally, you can pay for an upgrade on an ocean cruise to have a balcony or save money by have an interior stateroom without window. Yet on river cruises all rooms face outward and commonly (these days) have a balcony. Because the ship is small and narrow there are no interior staterooms or cabins on river cruise ships.

The top two photos above are aboard the Disney Dream, with Disney Cruise Line. The bottom two are from river cruise ships, the Emerald Sky with Emerald Cruises and Viking Alta, with Viking, respectively.

Interior of a cabin on the Disney Dream cruise line ship with blue and white bedding.
Interior of a cabin on the Disney Dream cruise line ship with a red chair and natural wood colored cabinets.

Onboard Entertainment

It's almost unfair to compare entertainment aboard ocean ships to river cruise ships. River cruise ships don't try to compete with entertainment onboard ocean cruises because they can't. They don't have the physical space on their ships to house things like movie theaters, go kart tracks, or ice skating rinks. Nor do river cruise ships have the height for things like huge waterslides or rock climbing walls that ocean cruises offer.

River cruises do their best to bring entertainment onboard. For instance, one evening on our Emerald cruise we were serenaded by a violinist and pianist duo they brought onboard. It which was lovely to enjoy the music with a cocktail. Another night the cruise's activities director organized trivia amongst the guests. Entertainment is usually mellow yet enjoyable.

It's also common for newer river cruise ships to have a small but sufficient pool onboard. Often, they have a putting green on the top deck.

Emerald Waterways river cruise ship indoor pool with retractable roof.
Putting green on the top deck of a river cruise ship, on Emerald Cruises.

The bar is at an entirely different level aboard ocean cruise ships.

The entertainment options on are plentiful. At night, you may be able to gamble in onboard casinos or see a Broadway-quality performance. Sail away celebrations are magical. The pool and hot tub options are generous with various options in various onboard areas and decks. Though river cruises usually have some type of workout area and spa options, they're offered in tenfold on ocean ships.

But you simply have to know what you're getting (or what to expect) on a river cruise ship. Onboard entertainment is just one factor of many we consider when choosing the right vacation, at a given time.

If we're in the mood for a self-contained resort on steroids and some anonymity we'd go with an ocean cruise. But if we're prioritizing charming small cities and a great dinner and glass of wine before heading to bed, a river cruise calls to us.

River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in entertainment, food, itineraries, common areas, ports and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome
River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in entertainment, food, itineraries, common areas, ports and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome

Food Service

River cruises very often have just one or two restaurants onboard. It’s where you have every meal including breakfast, lunch and dinner. There is usually a lounge area of some sort that includes a bar and a high end hot drink machine (to make things like coffees and mochas). Some cruise lines, like Scenic, have specialty bar options.

River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in entertainment, food, itineraries, common areas, ports and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome

Ocean cruises seem to have no end of dining options. Restaurants are plentiful and often themed to cuisine or decor. It's said you can be onboard an ocean cruise ship and never eat at the same place twice. (And that's often true depending on the length of your sailing.) Bars are varied – from champagne bars, to martini bars, whiskey bars and beyond. As are novelties like ice cream stations, candy shops, and more. If you can dream it, it's likely a big cruise ship offers it.

River cruise vs ocean cruise information including differences in food and beverages, ports of call and more. #Cruises #Cruising #CruiseDifferences #SometimesHome

Motion of the Ocean…or River…for Cruise Ships

Cruise Motion Sickness

A river cruise ship and ocean cruise ship are not created equal when it comes to feeling the motion of the water. Ocean or river.

We were a bit surprised to find while Dan was 100% okay sailing aboard a river cruise his equilibrium was totally thrown off on an ocean cruise; he was a bit down for the count everyday. Whereas even in a car ride or on small boat trips, like with friends on their boat on the Charleston River in South Carolina, he's completely fine.

The size of a huge ocean cruise ship, and its upper decks we were on that tend to feel more movement than the lower decks, made him feel very off. It was unexpected seeing as he doesn’t get motion sickness otherwise.

It’s very likely you’ll feel movement on an ocean cruise more than you will on a river cruise. We’re not physics experts or engineers but we’re sure there is some sort of mathematical explanation as to why bigger ships feel more movement. (Pivoting on a fulcrum of some sort seems to make sense, right? As does a lower center of gravity on a river cruise ship.)

One an ocean cruise ship with about 10 decks, we've heard Deck 5, midship, should be the least rocky. We haven't tested it ourselves – but if you have let us know.

Cruise ship during dusk

The Currents and Terrain of an Ocean vs River Cruise

A river cruise is built differently to aptly deal with the terrain. And of course rivers are calmer and somewhat more predictable than oceans.

Another point to bring up is docking and sailing. Here are two things to be aware of (yet you can’t do much about either – they’re both simply part of cruising):

  • Ocean cruises sometimes aren’t able to dock at a port. It’s usually due to extreme wind or currents, which makes pulling into the port and docking unsafe.
  • River cruises sometimes can’t sail at all due to low tides and the low water levels. When this happens the river cruise companies will bus guests between ports so everyone is able to enjoy the itinerary and still have meals and sleep on the ship until the water level rises and it can sail again.

River Cruise vs Ocean Cruise Beverages

River cruises usually have beer and wine during lunch and dinner including with the cost of the cruise. Purchasing alcoholic beverages outside of lunch and dinner may be additional, like it was on Emerald Waterways, whether you opt into an alcohol package or pay per glass outside of meals. Viking also has a “Silver Spirits Package” upgrade you can purchase. Some cruise lines, like Scenic and Uniworld include all beverages. (Premium liquor may be additional.)

Some ocean cruises include things like soft drinks on certain decks but not at meals. This is the case with Deck 11’s soda machines on Disney Cruise Line. But not every cruise line offers this. Be sure to ask about drink specials – either a Drink of the Day or drinks packages offered for the cruise duration. We noticed beer specials on Disney Cruise Line: if you paid into a plan ahead of time – for 12 beers, for instance – you saved a bit of money.

Policies and costs vary by cruise line, whether river or ocean, so it’s best to check with your desired cruise company for their beverages offerings and policies.

Tours and Excursions on a River Cruise Compared to Ocean Cruises

One of the nicest things about river cruises is that they generally include excursions. Mostly, those excursions are tours on land. There are optional upgrades, like a more premium experience at a port city, if offered. But overall, most river cruises include pretty great tours in the towns you'll visit. It's an all-inclusive mentality.

We've sailed with Emerald Waterways and Viking and both included excursions, daily, and tours throughout our trips. In the case of Emerald, for instance, there were additional experiences we were able to add on if desired in two cities. They call that program: DiscoverMORE. One such experience was in Delft, in The Netherlands, where we toured the Royal Delft factory where they still hand make and hand paint pottery. Then we toured the town of Delft before boarding buses back to the ship.

Amsterdam river cruise in The Netherlands and beautiful Belgium with tulips in bloom and a lot of charming European port cities to visit you wouldn't otherwise think of. We traveled with Emerald Waterways for 8 days of destinations and exploring in Europe day and night, with adventure to explore on the ships and in each city. #SometimesHome #SometimesHomeEurope #AmsterdamRiverCruise #EuropeanRiverCruise #AmsterdamTulips #DelftPottery #Delft #Holland

Otherwise, without the upgrade, guests were given a tour of Rotterdam, where our ship was docked (which was still a great option). But the DiscoverMORE option was an excursion we fully enjoyed; it was unique and well worth the €55 or so, per person, to add on.

Ocean cruises are completely different. While river cruises take care of you like family, ocean cruises are totally a “go it alone” kind of situation. You add on each excursion at the ports – whether a tour of the aquariums at Atlantis in the Bahamas, a fishing excursion in the Florida Keys, a helicopter tour in Alaska, etc.

Ages of Cruise Guests on an Ocean Cruise vs River Cruise

We've often been asked if we were the youngest people on the river cruises we sailed on. And we've been asked if we were the only people without children on the Disney Cruise Line sailing we were on too. (Disney Cruise Line is, in fact, for adults too!)

The answer is no…and no. We weren't the youngest people on our river cruise (close to it but not the youngest) and we weren't the only people without kids on DCL.

While we don't think anyone should make vast generalizations about this sort of thing, we understand why they're asking.

Essentially the underlying questions are perhaps more like, “Is a river cruise accommodating to an under 60 audience?” And, “Does Disney Cruise Line have any adult-exclusive activities?” (Funny how the two ships we pointed out here seem to have opposing target audiences, looking in from the outside.)

River cruises may tend to skew a bit older though it's changing a bit, little by little, as word gets out about how great they are. And ocean cruises are really across the board inclusive of all ages.

We've found any customer service based industry wants to please their customers, overall. So we like to think there is something for everyone no matter the ship.

Scenery on the Water

If there's anything we think a river cruise beats an ocean cruise on, hands down, it's the scenery when you actually sail. River cruises pass way more interesting scenery than ocean ships. All you can see from the windows of ocean ships when you sail is most likely…the ocean…before you get closer to your port/land.

Rivers were used as trade routes to get to towns and villages. And today, river cruise ships sail those same routes, using their ship to get to the port cities. There's still charming scenery for you to view onboard as you pass villages. You can view it from your stateroom balcony or on another deck's terrace.

While you're at sea on an ocean cruise ship, there's not much to see. So most guests enjoy the view for a while then take to enjoying the onboard amenities.

The top photo is what we saw aboard the Danube Waltz cruise on a Viking river cruise. The bottom image is looking out the porthole window of an ocean cruise ship. It was a typical scene at sea.

Scenery from a Danube Waltz, Viking cruise itinerary in Passau, Germany. A Christmas markets cruise with all the charm of the holiday season. Click through for more details information.View from the Disney Dream cruise ship while at sea. Compared to a river cruise ship where you're viewing small villages. Click through for more comparisons of river versus ocean cruise ships!

The Bottom Line for River Cruises vs Ocean Cruises (and What's Right for You) 

We think they're completely different experiences, albeit both vessels that sail on bodies of water.

Generally, we've found you can go on an ocean cruise for less money than a river cruise. Yet we've found there is a correlation for the type of attention and customer service you get on small and large ships. Ocean cruises have good customer service onboard in most cases but you feel less camaraderie with fellow cruisers than on a river cruise. A river cruise can feel like “coming home” again at the end of each day exploring a port city, returning to your ship.

If you want to be more anonymous on a large ship that sails into big ports, and want a plethora of options everyday, in every way, stopping at big ports of calls…and you're okay paying extra for excursions knowing it's simply a variable of the type of vacation you're choosing, perhaps an ocean cruise is for you.

If you want a more personalized experience with a smaller group and you're okay eating in the same restaurant or two everyday (though the menu changes, of course)…and you want to experience more intimate towns whose tours are included in the price of your trip, then look into river cruising.

While it's nice to have options that ocean cruises provide, there's something very special about river cruises. Why not have the best of both worlds and do each? We recommend it.

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Which piques your interest more: River or Ocean Cruises? Let us know in the comments below!

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