26 Helpful Things to Know your First Time on a River Cruise

You'll never forget your first time on a river cruise! It'll either be something you absolutely cannot wait to do again or it may be an experience you feel like you did once and it was enough.

It's not a surprise we instantly fell in love with it after our first river cruise experience. And having gone on a river cruise as first-timers, we definitely have helpful tips for you to know before you go.

Disclosure: There are affiliate links in this post, which means we may earn a small commission if you click the link and proceed with a purchase, at no cost to you. We truly only recommend hotels, products, and services we personally use. As Amazon Associates, we earn from qualifying purchases.

Blue waves graphic.

1. Layout of River Cruise Ships

You may be surprised to learn that there are only three to four decks on river cruise ships. (This may especially be a surprise if you're accustomed to ocean cruises with an excess of ten decks.)

The bottom level usually has windows (or what you would equate to portholes). The upper deck cabins have balconies or windows with better views. Not all cruise ships have balconies, but the great ones do!

The bottom deck, which is usually labeled Deck 1, is the least desirable. The upper deck is usually the most desirable. (The deck names vary on Adventures by Disney river cruises and AmaWaterways ships, which gives them names like Piano, Violin, and Cello.)

Generally, the top deck of river cruise ships is reserved for lounge chairs and tables with chairs. There are fun things on the top deck of some ships though.

For example, there are herb gardens on top of many Viking river cruise ships. On Emerald Destiny, we enjoyed a bit of putt-putt golf one day and tic-tac-toe. AmaWaterways has a pool on their top deck!

Man dressed in black playing putt-putt golf on the top deck of a river cruise ship, with a bridge in the background.

There's always one restaurant (if not two) on board, and a bar and lounge area. Many ships also have a dedicated gym and a spa room where massages and facials are given. There is often a hairdresser area where you can sometimes get a manicure or pedicure as well.

Lounge are with couches and a bar on the right with bar stool on a Viking Longship river cruise in Europe.
Lounge and bar area on a Viking Longship. Image courtesy of Viking.

2. Sometimes you'll have a good view from your cabin, and sometimes you won't

People sometimes ask us, “What side of the ship should I book my stateroom?” The answer is: it doesn't really matter.

There's no difference between a cabin on the port side or starboard side because it's likely your river cruise ship will dock on both sides. This means that you'll be facing land at some point when docked and facing the river other times.

If you really wanted to get into the nitty-gritty of what side will be facing landmarks and when you'd need info only the captain knows. In other words, you'd have to know what dock the river cruise ship was assigned at your port destination. Then you could know what side of the river might have a better view. But that is nearly impossible to find out.

It's such a trivial matter, though. You can always go to a public area of the ship to enjoy a different view. The benefit of a small cruise ship is that it'll just take you minutes, if not seconds, to walk there.

Animated map on a blue background.

Ready to Book Your Cruise or INquire?

Use our preferred travel advisors, Bolds Travel, Because…

  • They take away the hassle of travel planning: time spent on the phone with the cruise line could be time you spend doing other things.
  • You don't pay them a dime: their service is free (this is because they get paid by the cruise line or destination).
  • Their experience: They have decades of experience and attention to detail.

3. What area of the river cruise ship is better: back or middle?

In terms of the area of the river cruise ship that's better from back (aft) to middle (midship), there's not a huge difference. If you want to be closer to the action (that is to say, closer walking distance to the restaurant and area you disembark at ports) book a cabin closer to midship.

We'll say, however, that the closer you are to midship and the higher the deck, it's likely the costlier your cabin will be. That cost difference could be significant or insignificant based on your budget. The closer you get to lower decks and the aft of the ship, the closer you are to the engines and a little more noise when you sail.

4. You may be surprised when your ship docks against another river cruise ship your first time on a river cruise

It was surprising to be docked so close by another ship during our first time on a river cruise. We could have opened our window and touched the neighboring ship's window! The boats were literally touching.

We came to find out this is very common in river cruising. You may even need to walk through the lobby area of another cruise ship to get ashore when you're docked. (It's kind of fun though! It's always interesting to see what the interior of other ships look like.)

Two cruise ships docked next to one another, which is interesting to learn they do the first time on a river cruise.

5. If the water is too low, the river cruise ship may not be able to sail

Ships need water to sail. And while river cruise ship boats are flat, allowing them to sail in incredibly shallow water, sometimes the depth is too shallow for safe sailing with people on it. So they need to remove the weight of everyone onboard and then bus the people from one port to another.

This should not affect your meals or where you sleep. But if the water is too low they may bus you from one port to another in order to get the ship through the low-water area.

6. It's very unlikely you'll get motion sickness

We've experienced it firsthand: motion sickness on huge ocean cruise ships! But on river cruises, there's hardly any motion of the river. Which means it's very unlikely you'll experience seasickness.

The boat hardly moves when it's docked and certainly doesn't feel like it's shaking side-to-side when it sails. It simply feels like it's moving forward and getting you to your next destination port.

7. You'll be shocked at how my river cruise ships exist

If you sail a popular river during your first time on a river cruise, you may especially be surprised at just how many river cruise ships exist! It's most astonishing to see in popular ports, like Budapest on the Danube River.

Since river cruising isn't as widely popular as ocean cruising, it's talked about less often. But there are SO MANY river cruise companies and ships.

Why don't we hear about them in the United States?

A big reason is that a lot of them don't market to United States consumers. There are German river cruise companies, French companies, and British ones too, for example. They all heavily market to their own geographical areas. This means we never really hear of them…but they're out there!

8. Onboard evening entertainment is limited but enriching

Your first time on a river cruise may leave you wondering what there is to do after dinner your first night. But don't be surprised if you don't have a plethora of activities to choose from in the evenings. However, you'll find that cruise lines often bring local talent on board to entertain the guests.

After dinner, you may want to grab a drink and play a scheduled trivia game in the lounge, for example. Or perhaps there's a movie playing on board in a public area. (If not, there are likely movies on your cabin TV.) Or see the scheduled entertainment they bring on the ship for an hour or so.

While there is not a casino onboard, or five bars to choose from like on an ocean ship, or late-night stage show performances, we have never been bored on a river cruise. There are usually great movies on your cabin television if you want to retreat to your room, or you can enjoy a book if you want to spend some solo time with your Kindle.

If it's your first time on one, our advice is to enjoy not having to decide between a ton of activities after dinner. There's beauty in fewer options.

9. There is usually a small gym on board and often a track on the top deck

Expect the gym to be “petite” on your first river cruise. It's likely the size of one cabin. The gym is there if you need it and gets the job done, but excellent onboard gyms aren't why anyone we know books a river cruise.

Often, there is scheduled morning yoga in one area of the ship outside of the gym. A track encircles most top decks so you can walk laps on board if you like.

If you love to exercise but don't necessarily want to do it on the ship, rest assured you'll be able to participate in group hikes or bike rides in ports. Or, you can exercise on your own in port cities you visit during the river cruise.

Small gym with two piece of equipment and towels in the background on Emerald Destiny river cruise ship.

10. Small river cruise ships mean that rooms become multipurpose

Spaces are utilized in multiple ways on a small river cruise ship. It's likened to a small living space, where space becomes more precious.

On Emerald Destiny and Emerald Sky with Emerald Cruises, the pool area turns into a cinema space at night where movies are shown. (The top of the pool is closed with a retractable floor.) The bar near the pool becomes a popcorn concession stand.

11. There are usually one, two, or three restaurants – not ten

Logically, because of the small size of river cruise ships, there's not an abundance of restaurant options. There's usually one or two if not three (which would be generous).

We loved our Emerald Destiny river cruise food experience when we sailed the Danube nonetheless; eating all our meals in the same restaurant didn't phase us one bit.

Your first time on a river cruise won't be affected by one or three restaurants, though. The more interesting thing during a river cruise is the people you connect with and the food you eat! Not necessarily where you eat it.

On that note, there are usually one or two bar areas on river cruise ships too.

12. Embarking on your cruise takes minutes, not hours

When you arrive at your river cruise ship's point of embarkation, you simply walk onto the ship and check-in. You don't go through a huge terminal like ocean cruises, or through metal detectors, or put your bags through x-ray machines. You just walk on and walk up to the front desk and check-in. It's a beautiful thing!

13. You will dock steps away from city centers in small towns and be bused into the city center of others

Your first time on a river cruise may reveal how lovely it is to be so close to the center of a historic destination. We were a lovely 20-minute walk from the center of Melk, Austria when we docked there on the Danube River.

Conversely, we had to be bused into the center of Vienna, Austria during the same river cruise. This was because the river cruises dock in the commercial area of Vienna.

14. The gangway is short: it only takes seconds or minutes to get off the ship

Part of the beauty of small ship cruising is that you can be off the ship in 120 seconds or less. It just depends on how fast you walk!

We have never found a long line forming to disembark the ship. And there's certainly even less waiting to get back on board when you're done visiting a city for the day and want to come back onboard.

15. You have to scan some sort of ID that signals if you're on or off the ship

You'll an ID when you check into the river cruise upon arrival. This could be as simple as a small plastic card with your name on it along with a QR code, for example.

After we checked into our river cruise on the Danube River in October, we arrived at our Emerald Destiny cabin to find our ID cards on the desk.

You don't necessarily need these IDs around the ship; we only needed them to check into and out of the ship when we were in port. This is so the ship can identify who is on board and who is off. Essentially, when they're ready to leave port to head to the next destination they want to know everyone is on board.

16. You can use the river cruise ship bicycles for free

If there are bicycles on board, the crew will unload them in port and allow guests to use them if there isn't a scheduled tour or activity with them. If you love cycling, this is a beautiful way to explore a town. This is included in the cost of your river cruise.

17. You'll quickly learn what “Quiet Voxes” are and what they're used for

Shoreside tours during a river cruise are carried out with the help of little audio devices, called Quiet Voxes. They’re actually quite amazing!

They allow groups of people to be on the same radio channel and listen in together as a guide leads a group tour. Each device is equipped with one earpiece, which is in a new and sealed package upon arrival.

Your Cruise Director will remind you to take your Quiet Vox for a morning tour before leaving the ship. You'll simply scan a number on a card with the tip of the device (and wait for it to vibrate to signal it registered) to get on the same channel as your guide.

You'll quickly learn to remember to plug the devices into their docking station as soon as you return to your cabin.

18. The smaller numbers in crew and the guest count will be incredibly rewarding

You'll love how quickly you get acquainted with both the crew and other guests onboard a river cruise. This is thanks to river cruises having small numbers: smaller guest capacity and less onboard crew. Surely, you'll feel the positive effects of this during your first river cruise and every time you sail thereafter.

The guest-to-crew ratio is often 2:1 or 3:1, which means you'll feel extra special when the crew does things like call you by name pretty quickly, or the captain joins you for a meal during a Captain's Dinner, which happens once during many cruise itineraries.

Because you run into the same people over and over again – whether at a neighboring table during river cruise meals, or on the same group tours, or even walking around the small port cities – a friendship forms faster.

Fewer people in the crew also mean that they may do multiple things. For example, your onboard massage therapist may also be your yoga instructor. It all contributes to getting to know one another better, and faster. And it's such a rewarding feeling to feel like your river cruise ship has become a home, even if temporarily.

19. You'll experience the exhilaration of going through locks during your first time on a river cruise 

Locks are human-made devices in rivers that help ships move from one water elevation to another. They're pretty much concrete feats of physics and science. It's a wonder to experience going through a lock for the first time on a river cruise.

If you go through one lock, it's likely you'll go through more. We went through approximately 15 locks during our Danube River cruise from Nuremberg to Budapest. Our Cruise Director during that sailing informed us that the number of locks you go through sailing from Amsterdam to Budapest is 68. SIXTY-EIGHT! Wow.

We enjoyed experiencing the locks from two places in particular: our cabin, where it very oddly feels like you're being lowered into (or rising above) a concrete box. We admit it feels cool at first then feels a little morbid. (If you're claustrophobic and in a lock, perhaps it's best to close your cabin curtains.)

The other cool place to be is the top deck. That way you can likely get a 360-degree view of what's going on around you. You can often see the captain maneuvering the ship through the lock too, then see the lock gates open when the ship is ready to sail on. It's very cool!

Doors to a river lock opening to reveal a sunrise and building in the distance.

20. Guest ages are mixed, but they tend to skew older

We have found that it's true that there tend to be more guests of older generations onboard river cruises. However, there is always a mix of ages no matter the ratio of older to younger guests. We have always had the most delightful conversations and interactions with guests, regardless of their ages, on river cruises. We've also always been fond of getting to know the crew.

If there's anything to know regarding ages your first time on a river cruise, it's potentially that you'll find more older people who have time off from work (or they are retired) and the money to go on small ship cruises, more so than younger generations.

This also depends on the river cruise line. More modern and active river cruise companies are going to have some more younger people on board because that's who they market to.

21. Hand sanitizer is everywhere

If it's your first time on a river cruise but not your first time on a cruise, overall, this won't surprise you. But if it's your first time on a cruise, in general, you may be surprised that there is hand sanitizer available everywhere.

We admit that it's not as shocking to find hand sanitizer everywhere these days following COVID-19.

However, it's nice to know there will be plenty of hand sanitizer on board, just like there was before COVID, no matter when you sail. (For this reason and many more, we think cruises are the safest way to travel.)

22. There is usually just one dinner seating

One dinner seating is available to guests on most river cruises. This is opposed to multiple seatings or dine-any-time models on ocean cruise ships.

There are exceptions to this rule. An example would be when the ship accommodated two dinner seatings on Emerald Cruises Danube River Cruise, while we were in Vienna.

One seating was for guests who were going to see a concert in town that evening and a later dinner seating was for guests who were foregoing the concert. In general, you'll find most river cruises have just one time for dinner because it helps things run more efficiently.

23. Room service on river cruise ships vary

Not all river cruise ships have room service. Some do, some don't.

We didn't have room service as a food option on our Emerald Destiny river cruise, but we didn't miss it. We were well fed. And the dining room on a river cruise ship is always just a one to two-minute walk away!

24. So much is included with a river cruise…but you can still do your own thing

There are a ton of things included in your river cruise for the cost, like guided tours in port. But that doesn't mean you can't do your own thing.

For example, if your ship is in a city where you want to have lunch on land, you can! There's no need to go back to the ship just because lunch is included. (We don't blame you if you want to go to back the ship for lunch, though, if it's in an accessible location and you technically already paid for it.)

The morning we docked in Passau, Germany, during our Emerald Destiny Danube River cruise was THICK with fog. There was an optional, included hike to an iconic fortress in town that morning. But Dan and I felt uneasy about going because we were doubtful we'd see a great view from the fortress's elevation with the morning fog.

Instead, we walked around on our own. It was the best decision for us and the universe rewarded us with an amazing find in town: a Dackelmuseum!

(We're obsessed with dachshund dogs. We never thought we'd come across a dachshund museum in Passau, but we did. And we discovered it thanks to being able to do our own thing whenever we wanted during the cruise.)

We ended up doing the hike on our own, later that day. And the view was spectacular!

25. You will want to pack prepared with layers

No matter the time of year you go on a river cruise you want to pack prepared for layers. Of course, your river cruise packing list may vary in terms of how thick your outer coat is, like if you're going to Europe, for example, in July versus December.

But the weather fluctuates and you want to be prepared with things like cardigans or a lightweight jacket no matter the time of year.

26. Packing comfortable walking shoes

It may go without saying, but just in case: you'll walk a lot if you're physically able to, like any trip to amazing cities and towns. So be prepared with great walking shoes that you have broken in long before your trip so you know the shoes won't give you blisters!

Dan and I always travel with a pair of all-black sneakers because they match everything and we can walk miles in them.

Blue waves graphic.

Going on a river cruise? Also check out:

Blue waves graphic.
Pin This Pinterest call to action button

Similar Posts


  1. Hi – thanks for the awesome information! I am wondering if you would suggest a cruise that has balconies that you could actually sit on versus a “french balcony” which you can’t.

    1. Hi Cindy –

      We loved our AmaWaterways experience – they have true balconies. Viking does too. What we loved most about AmaWaterways was that they have so many included excursions to choose from. If you’d like, we’re happy to connect you with our preferred travel advisor team (they’re the best) who can talk specifics about what you’re looking for in addition to the balcony and help get you booked on a cruise. Let us know if this is of interest to you!
      – Mikkel + Dan

  2. Hello,
    Thank you for all the great information! I have a question that might seem obvious, is there a bathroom in each cabin or are there just shared bathrooms for guests? Thank you!

  3. This was a font of information! I am not sure is you know if the divider panel between balconies on a river cruise an be removed. We are traveling with another couple and requested that on our ocean cruise. Can’t find info on that… thanks

    1. Hi Sue! We do not know of a river cruise line that has a removable divider between balconies for staterooms that are next to each other. The largest balconies we’ve seen on river cruises in staterooms/cabins are in suites, because they’re usually longer and can fit four people. We know that’s not the same thing. However, there are plenty of areas on a river cruise to enjoy outdoor areas as a group. And, overall, river cruises are much more intimate than ocean cruises.

      If we find out about a river cruise line has this feature, we will definitely let you know! We just don’t know of any that exist right now with that feature! Great suggestion for the cruise ship builders out there though. 😁

  4. What is the shortest trip? I’m looking for a long weekend River cruise here in the US. Don’t want to go far or stay long.
    Are their brochures available? I still prefer paper rather than the web🙊

  5. First time on a river cruise and I found your information very valuable thank you my question is about the rooms. Do you really stay in your room and look out the window except maybe in the morning with coffee I am traveling with friends who may pick a cheaper state room hence the windows are really up above and you can’t see out much. I wonder if you really need full wall windows on the cruise to enjoy it. Please let me know.

    1. Hi Beth!

      So glad that our article was helpful. That’s precisely why we share our expertise!

      The answer to your question, for us, lies in your cruise itinerary and how much you’re actually sailing. For example, our Bordeaux River Cruise didn’t sail very much at all so we found we were in our room less time because we were onshore more.

      But on a Danube River cruise, for example, that sails more, we loved having our room to spend time in during sailing hours and watch the scenery from our balcony or windows. Additionally, it depends how much time you want to spend together, with your friends. If it’s a lot of time, you’ll all likely hang out in common areas anyway so they won’t be in their bedroom. If they can’t see out their bedroom windows, it’s not a big deal – the cabin category may have made it possible for them to be on the cruise(the most important thing) and they can get morning coffee at breakfast and look out the windows in the dining room. Or they’ll simply grab their morning coffee from the common area on the ship where the coffee machine is, then enjoy the public lounges and balconies with plenty of great views as they sip! At night, you can’t see much from river boats anyway so the views don’t matter.

      It’s really day time sailing when the sun is up that’s key. And, again, it depends how much your cruise sails and how much you’ll want to be in your room vs. common areas on the ship.

      What ship are you going on/what cruise line?

      – Mikkel + Dan

      1. I’m going on Uniworlds Castles on the Rhine in May. If you know anything about the River Queen let me know. Or any excursions you enjoyed. Much appreciated.

        1. Hi Beth! We hear great things about Uniworld. Unfortunately, we’ve never sailed on the cruise line so we cannot offer firsthand advice but we know you’ll have a wonderful time! – Mikkel + Dan

    2. Did first river cruise in August this year, had a French balcony, Hardly opened the curtains and never opened the balcony ,only in the cabin to sleep or shower/change. Just looking at booking for next year and considering booking the lower deck at a saving of £800pp, that’s another short holiday

  6. I am scheduled for my first River Cruise (Avalon-Rhine) in June 2023. I’m a 74 widower, traveling alone but in excellent health. Avalon offers 3 excursion activities for each stop – “Active” versus “Discovery” verses “Classic”. I’ve mostly chosen Active as I’m not much into Wine/beer or Pastry tasting or being shuttled on a bus. But under ‘active’ they also mentioned the word ‘strenuous’.
    I guess I’d like an idea of “their” definition of ‘strenuous’. I’m physically more like a mid 60 year old but it’s been 40 years since I’ve done a 15 + mile bike trip. I don’t think I can make it to the top of Mt. Whitney or the bottom of the Grand Canyon anymore! 🙂 Your prior experience & observation could be very helpful. Thank you.

    1. Hi Steve! You’re going to love it! It’s so easy to make friends on a river cruise. When people hear you’re traveling alone, they’ll be keen to invite you to be a part of their group if you like! It’s a very friendly atmosphere. And good for you for traveling as a 74 widower! So many people are scared to travel alone. But there’s so much to always explore and discover in the world no matter the travel group or age.
      In our experience, the activities manager is usually sensitive to the needs of the group. Though we haven’t sailed with Avalon, most cruise lines are similar in that way. Simply ask about the level of activity in more detail when you’re onboard. If for some reason it’s not what you expected even before your excursion but after the conversation with the onboard team, they should let you change the excursion to one more befitting. We’re in our 40s and personally cannot manage a 15+ mile bike trip either! Haha!
      Best of luck and let us know what happens afterward! – Mikkel + Dan

  7. We’re doing Danube from Budapest to Passau in mid June. Weather at night is cold. Do I need warm clothes inside for dinner or will a top/shirt & pashmina suffice? Thanks!

    1. Hi Cheryl! That’s such a great question. It can be warm or cold at night during summer in Hungary/Germany but of course you’ll likely be inside or simply on the ship in the evenings with an outlier here or there if the ship is in port late or overnight on your particular cruise to explore the port a bit more. We’ve always been fine with a pashmina/cardigan that time of year in Europe in that area. Sometimes it’s colder on the top deck of the ship, outside on the water, but if that’s the case we just go inside! We would recommend one pashmina and one lightweight long sleeve top and you should be okay. Thanks for your question and readership, Cheryl. We appreciate you! – Mikkel + Dan

  8. Thank you for all of the great info. We want to do a river cruise in celebration of our 45th Anniversary. We’ve never done a river cruise, in fact, we’ve never been to Europe. We’re not seasoned travelers. This is a big celebration for us so we want it to be nice. We are active (67 yrs. & 71 yrs.). Is there any way to somehow include 2-3 days of Paris in there? Which river cruise line would you recommend for us and which cruise would you recommend for our first time?

    1. Hi Gwen! What an amazing reason to book your first river cruise and first trip to Europe. A river cruise is PERFECT for people who aren’t seasoned travelers because the cruise line figures out the itinerary for you. All you have to do is book it and show up!

      Some cruise lines have an option to book a pre or post-cruise extension option, including to Paris depending on the location of the river cruise.

      If you’re active, we definitely recommend Emerald because of their “EmeraldACTIVE” program, which gives you the option to do moderate or easy “hikes” in some areas.

      If you’d like to talk to our preferred travel advisors, who are awesome and know more details about specific sailings, their pre or post-cruise extensions, and current pricing and offers from various cruise lines, please see this page and fill out the inquiry form: https://sometimessailing.com/preferred-travel-advisors/

      Additionally, they have a pool onboard and a fitness center, along with onboard fitness classes most days. Check out our “Viking vs. Emerald Cruises” post for more info on the differences between the two cruise lines as an example: https://sometimessailing.com/emerald-cruises-vs-viking-river-cruises-who-wins/

      Hope that helps! We’re excited for you – you’re going to love it!

    1. Great question, Carol. We know that American Cruise Lines can do two twin beds. It might be two double beds for suites, but we’re not 100% sure. But we do know with certainty that non-suite cabins can do two twin beds so you can comfortably travel with a friend. Hope that helps! – Mikkel + Dan

  9. We have traveled on our own in Europe for many years. We are now looking at a river cruise. I have back issues where some days are worse than others. Standing is sometimes difficult for me. We are looking at Grand Circle. Any idea how strenuous the excursions are, and on a “bad” day can we skip the excursion?

    1. Hi Jean – We’ve never been on Grand Circle but we’ve also never encountered a cruise line where excursions were mandatory. You should be fine to opt out and stay on the ship or explore the port on your own, anywhere, as long as you’re back on the ship for all aboard time before it sails on to the next location. Hope that helps! Glad to hear you’re investigating going back to Europe after many years not traveling there. Let us know if you want to speak to our preferred travel agents – they are awesome! – Mikkel

  10. Hi Guys,
    My wife and I are thinking of a river cruise in 2024/5. We have never wanted to do ocean cruises due to the size of the ships and the amount of people on board. What would the average number of people on board be? My wife and I tend to travel a lot with only carry on luggage. My wife is very organised. We were wondering if there was a requirement to ‘dress’ for dinner. The trip we are planning would also include Canada and parts of Asia so we will be carrying under the plane luggage. Thank you you information was very valuable.

    1. Hi John – you’ll love river cruising! It really depends what ship you book with what cruise line, but on average river cruise ships have between 100-150 guests. Asia river cruise ships are even smaller. We travel with carry-on luggage only so we completely understand! Dinner isn’t dressy on river cruises. Think of it like business casual, which is the dressiest it gets! But you can wear nice dark jeans or slacks and a nice top (like a button down) to dinner if you want. It’s pretty casual! Hope that helps. – Mikkel + Dan

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *